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Horse racing terms for betting grand national 2021 betting fred

Horse racing terms for betting

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Strictly speaking, placing a straight bet means that you're wagering on the horse to win—period. If it finishes second by a nose, you've lost. But a looser definition says a straight bet is when you wager that a horse will finish first, second or third. That said, several terms relate to different kinds of straight bets that can increase your odds of winning a little money. A winning horse will pay the most on bets that it will finish first. It will pay a little less for place bets and even less for show bets, but it can effectively pay out in three ways—thus the allure of across-the-board bets.

As the name suggests, "exotic" wagers are fancier and more complicated. They involve more than one horse. This means they're harder to win, but they also pay more than straight bets. The smaller obstacles on a jumps course. Horses usually have a season or two over hurdles before progressing to fences, though some continue to specialise in hurdling and never run over fences, while some horses go straight over fences without trying hurdles first. Independent Arbitration Betting Service.

An arbitration service that deals with betting disputes between punters and bookmakers. Betting on the outcome of a race during the race itself, rather than beforehand. This type of betting is particularly popular on the betting exchanges, though it is also offered by many bookmakers. In-running odds can change rapidly as the race unfolds.

A two-year-old horse. Every horse officially turns two on January 1, at the start of the second full calendar year following its birth e. The youngest category of hurdler — juvenile hurdlers are those that turn four years of age on January 1 during the season in which they start hurdling.

The Jackpot is a tote bet that requires the selection of the winners of the first six races at a selected meeting. The minimum bet is 50p. Term used to refer to when one jockey is replaced by another on a horse he usually rides or for which he has already been booked to ride in a particular race. If two horses have the shortest odds in the betting, they are described as joint-favourites; if three or more horses have the shortest odds, they are co-favourites.

Racecourse official responsible for declaring the finishing order of a race and the distances between the runners. A unit of measurement for the distances between each horse at the finish of a race; the measurement of a horse from head to tail. When all horses are carrying the same weight. Major championship races, such as the Derby on the Flat or the Cheltenham Gold Cup over jumps, are run at level weights. There are still some allowances for age and sex e. A surcharge collected from bookmakers, based on their turnover or gross profits, which goes towards prize-money, improvements to racecourses, and other areas such as scientific research.

The body responsible for this is the Levy Board. A horse that has yet to win a race; maiden races are restricted to such horses, though sometimes the conditions of the race allow previous winners e. For maidens aged three or above that have run at least four times and have a maximum rating of A race for two-year-olds by stallions that had one or more yearling sold in the previous year with a median price not exceeding a specified figure.

On the Flat, races beyond a mile and up to 1m6f are the middle distances. A middle-distance horse is one that runs mainly over such distances or is regarded as being suitable for those distances. A horse that is prevented by the jockey from running to its full ability.

A race for novices sold at public auction as yearlings or two-year-olds for a price not exceeding a specified figure. Names cannot be longer than 18 characters including spaces and must not be the same, in spelling or pronunciation, as a name already registered. In theory, a betting book can be fairly weighted between bookmaker and punter.

However, to ensure a profit margin, a bookmaker will alter the odds in their favour. Overround is a means of expressing to what extent the odds are in favour of the bookmaker. When a horse carries more than its allocated weight, due to the jockey being unable to make that weight. This is usually a disadvantage, though sometimes the trainer of a horse may decide to accept overweight in order to have one of the best jockeys on board his horse.

Betting odds where the potential winnings are higher than the stake. The numerator is larger than the denominator e. Betting odds where the stake is higher than the potential winnings if the bet is successful. The denominator is larger than the numerator e. Describes a horse running comfortably, still having a bite on the bit. When handicap races are framed, there is a maximum and minimum weight that horses can carry.

A horse that is entered in a race with the intention that it will set the pace for another horse with the same connections. Connections of the horses gather in the centre of the paddock before each race and jockeys mount before taking the horses out onto the racecourse. Before major races, the horses often line up in racecard order numerical order and led in front of the grandstands to allow racegoers to see them. At the end of the parade the horses are released to canter down to the start.

Multiple bet consisting of seven bets involving three selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus three doubles and one treble. One successful selection guarantees a return. The grading system for the most important races, introduced on the Flat in and later for jumps racing. The top races on the Flat are Group 1, followed by Group 2 and Group 3 the next highest category is Listed, which, while not technically part of the Pattern, combine with Group races under the heading of black-type races.

Additional weight carried by a horse on account of previous wins. Horsename ex6. In a close race, where the placings cannot be determined easily, the result is determined by the judge by examination of a photograph taken by a camera on the finishing line. When a horse is unsettled during the early part of a race and uses too much energy, fighting the jockey by pulling against the bridle.

White plastic rails are used to mark out the track on a racecourse. The stands rails are those nearest the grandstand and the far rails are those on the opposite side of the track from the grandstand. This refers to the fence separating the Members area on a racecourse from the Tattersalls area. Bookmakers are not allowed in the Members area, but some bookmakers are allowed to set up their pitches on the Tattersalls side of the rails, allowing them to accept bets.

Rails bookmakers are the top end of the racecourse betting market, usually dealing with credit customers. A measure of the ability of a horse on a scale starting at zero and going into three figures. Flat Jump racing use different scales; the highest-rated Flat horse is usually in the s and the top-rated jumper in the s.

Tattersalls Rule 4 c : One of the most commonly invoked betting rules, dealing with deductions from winning bets in the event of any withdrawn runner s from a race. The rule applies to winning bets struck at prices e. The rate of deductions is in proportion to the odds of the non-runner s at the time of the withdrawal. A horse that specialises in running over the shortest distances five and six furlongs on the Flat.

Member of a team employed to load horses into the stalls for Flat races and to move the stalls to the correct position for the start of each race. Often abbreviated to SP. The starting prices are the final odds prevailing at the time the race starts and are used to determine the payout to winning punters, unless a punter took a specified price at the time of placing the bet.

A race over fences, open ditches and water jumps, run over distances from two miles up to four and a half miles. One of the officials in overall charge of a race meeting, including disciplinary procedures. The stewards can hold inquiries into possible infringements of the rules of racing, or hear objections to the race result from beaten jockeys.

Usually there are three stewards at each race meeting, assisted by a stipendiary steward. The stewards are appointed by the racecourse, subject to approval by the BHA, and are often prominent local figures much like magistrates. A hearing held by the stewards into a race to determine whether the rules of racing have been broken. On a racecourse, where stewards hold inquiries.

Also known as a Stipe. Unlike raceday stewards, Stipes are professionals employed by the BHA and one is sent to each meeting to assist the stewards and advise on the rules of racing. Major races such as the Derby, which have an early initial entry date and several forfeit stages, often allow additional entries to be made in the week leading up to the race, subject to a substantial fee.

A horse entered at this stage is known as a supplementary entry and the fee payable is known as the supplementary entry fee. Supplementary entries mean that a major race can have the best possible field, as a horse may not be deemed worthy of a Derby entry as a yearling possibly on account of its pedigree or because the owner is not among the echelon of the super-rich but then shows unexpected ability once its racing career has started.

Low-class race in which the winner is offered at auction afterwards; other horses in the race may be claimed for a fixed sum. The racecourse receives a percentage of the selling price of each horse. A horse that is entered in a selling plate because it is not expected to win in any higher grade, or because it can do well against moderate opposition, which may result in a betting coup.

The horse has to be re-shod by a farrier, often delaying the start of the race. The enclosure next in status to Members. Those choosing this enclosure have access to the main betting area and the paddock. The sign language used by bookmakers to communicate changes in betting odds on the racecourse. Tic-tacs wear white gloves and signal the odds using their hands and arms.

Government-owned pool betting company, established in , principally offering tote odds but also fixed odds. Contributes a large sum to racing each year. Full name: the Horserace Totalisator Board. Introduced in Britain in to offer pool betting on racecourses. Odds fluctuate according to the pattern of betting and betting ceases when the race starts. The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race.

A trainer must hold a license or permit to be entitled to train. A three-leg accumulator. All three selections must be successful to get a return; the winnings from the first selection automatically go on to the second and then on to the third. Another term for the distance of a race.

Winning all three races is a rare feat, last achieved by a colt Nijinsky in and by a filly Oh So Sharp in Multiple bet consisting of four bets involving three selections in different events. The bet includes three doubles and one treble.

A minimum of two selections must be successful to get a return. Two-year-old horses are also known as juveniles, and this is the first age at which horses are allowed to compete on the Flat the youngest racing age over jumps is three years old. The moment a race is about to begin. Similar to blinkers, but with a slit in each eye cup to allow some lateral vision.

Each jockey wearing his racing kit and carrying his saddle must stand on official weighing scales before and after the race, so that the Clerk of the Scales can check that the jockey is carrying the correct weight allotted to his horse. If a jockey is above the allotted weight before the race, his horse can still compete but must carry overweight. This confirms the race result and at this point bookmakers will pay out on successful bets.

A cloth with pockets for lead weights placed under the saddle to ensure that a horse carries its allotted weight. A graduated scale that shows how horses of differing ages progress month by month during the racing season, the differences being expressed in terms of weight. This allows horses of differing ages to compete against each other on a fair basis, based on their age and maturity, in what are known as weight-for-age races.

Lead placed in a weight cloth. A single bet on a horse to finish first. Win only markets signify that no each-way betting is available. A stable employee, not necessarily a licensed jockey, who rides horses in training on the gallops. A race involving only one horse.

The horse and its jockey must past the winning post to be declared the winner. Multiple bet consisting of 11 bets six doubles, four trebles and one four-fold on four selections in different events. At least two selections must be successful to get a return.

Twitter Instagram YouTube Facebook. Mobile Menu. Jargon Buster. Table of Contents. A Abandoned A race meeting which has been cancelled due to bad weather. Age All thoroughbreds have their birthdays on 1 January. Allowance Inexperienced riders apprentices, conditionals and amateurs are allowed a weight concession to compensate for their lack of experience against their colleagues.

Amateur A non-professional jockey who does not receive a fee for riding in a race, denoted on the racecard by the prefix Mr, Mrs, Miss, Captain etc. Antepost For many major races you can place your bet well in advance of the day. Apprentice A trainee Flat jockey connected to the stable of a licensed trainer. Auction maiden For two-year-olds sold at public auction as yearlings or two-year-olds, for a price not exceeding a specified figure.

B Breeze-Up Type of auction, usually for two-year-olds, at which the horses for sale run for a short distance to allow prospective buyers to assess them. Bridle, won on the Won easily, without being hard ridden or challenged by other horses.

Broke down When a horse sustains an injury during a race. Broodmare Mare kept at stud for breeding, and not usually raced, although likely to have done so when younger. Brought down A horse that falls during a race when impeded by another horse.

Bumper A Flat race run under Jump Rules, used to educate young prospective jumps horses before they tackle hurdles or fences. Bumping Interference during a race where one horse collides with another. Bismarck Betting term used to describe a favourite that bookmakers expect to lose and are therefore happy to lay. Black horse colour The horse is a uniform black colour except possible white markings on its head and lower legs.

Blanket Finish When the horses finish so close to the winning line you could theoretically put a single blanket across them. Bleeder A horse that tends to break blood vessels during a race. Blinds Another name for blinkers. Blinkers A form of headgear worn by the horse, consisting of a hood with cups around the eyes.

Bloodstock sales The sale of horses at auction. Board prices The generally available odds displayed on the boards of on-course bookmakers. Book A record of the bets made on a particular race or other sporting event. Also known as a bookie. Bottle The tic-tac bookmaking term for Boxed in A horse that cannot overtake another horse because it is blocked by other horses. Break a horse in Teaching a young horse to accept riding equipment and carry a rider. Breather Restraining or easing off on a horse for a short distance to permit him to fill his lungs during the race.

Breeder Someone that breeds racehorses. They own the dam mother at time foal is born. Breeze Galloping a horse at a moderate speed. Banker The horse expected to win — usually a short priced favourite. Betting market A market is created, according to demand, by the prices offered for each runner by bookmakers.

Betting Ring The main area at a racecourse where the bookmakers operate. Colt Ungelded entire male horse below five years of age. Combination bet accumulator A bet involving more than one horse with the winnings from each selection going on to the next horse. Conditional jockey A Jump jockey, under 26, who receives a weight allowance for inexperience until he has ridden a certain number of winners.

Conditions race A race in which horses are allotted extra weight according to factors including sex, age, whether they are a previous winner etc. Connections People associated with a horse, such as the owner and trainer. Course specialist A horse that is proven at a track in previous races. Covered up When a jockey keeps a horse behind other runners to prevent it running too freely in the early stages of a race.

Covering The mating of horses. Cut in the ground A description of the ground condition where the racing surface has been softened by rain. Cockle The tic-tac bookmaking term for Co-favourite A horse that shares its position at the head of the betting market with at least two other horses.

Carpet The tic-tac bookmaking term for Double carpet is Chaser A horse that takes part in steeplechase races. Chestnut Horse colour varying from light, washy yellow to dark liver orange, and in between are red, gold and liver shades. Chute Extension of racecourse, usually at the top of the home straight, to allow straight run from the start.

Claimer jockey An apprentice Flat jockey. Classic Group of historic major races for three-year-olds in the Flat season. Clerk of the Course Racecourse official responsible for the overall racecourse management, including the preparation of the racing surface. Clerk of the Scales Racecourse official whose chief duty is to weigh the riders before and after a race to ensure proper weight is carried.

Distance The margin by which a horse has won or has been beaten e. Double Consists of one bet involving two selections in different events. Double carpet The tic-tac bookmaking term for Drifter A horse whose odds get bigger just before the race due to a lack of support in the market. Dual forecast A bet where the aim is to select both the winner and runner-up in a race in either order. Damsire broodmare The sire of a broodmare; in human terms, the maternal grandfather of a horse.

Dark horse A horse regarded as having potential but whose full capabilities have not been revealed. Dead-heat A tie between two or more horses for first place, or for one of the other finishing positions. Decimal odds Used on the Tote and betting exchanges, instead of fractional odds. Declared runner A horse confirmed to start in a race at the final declarations stage. Deductions When a horse is scratched from a race after the betting market has already opened, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse.

E Each-way A bet where half the total stake is for the selection to win and half is for the selection to be placed usually in the first three, but in big handicaps the places may extend to fourth or fifth. Entire horse An ungelded horse. F Fixed-odds betting Staking a set amount to win a set amount by multiplying the stake by the odds. Fixture The race meeting Flat racing Racing without jumps. Foal A horse from birth to January 1 of the following year when it becomes a yearling.

Forecast A bet where the aim is to select both the winner and runner-up in a race. Front-runner A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible.

Furlong yards one eighth of a mile. Fancied When a horse is expected to win or at least to be involved in the finish. Favourite The horse with the shortest odds in the race. Field The number of horses in a race or, in betting, all of the horses in a race except the favourite. Filly Female horse four-years-old or younger.

Gallop Top gait for a horse — the speed they race at. Gallops Training ground where horses are exercised. GamCare The national centre for information, advice and practical help with regard to the social impact of gambling. Gates The front section of the starting stalls, which open at the start of a Flat race to release the horses. Gelding A male horse that has been castrated.

General Stud Book Register of all thoroughbred horses, maintained by Weatherbys. Get the trip To stay the distance. Going The condition of the racing surface. Ranges from heavy to firm. Going down When horses are on their way to the start. Go through the card To have the winner of every race at a race meeting, either as a trainer, jockey, tipster or punter. Green Used to describe an immature or inexperienced horse.

H Hacked up Describes a horse winning easily. Handicap A race where each horse is allotted a different weight to carry, according to the official handicap ratings determined by the BHA Handicappers. Handicapper Official responsible for allocating a handicap rating to each horse that has qualified for one, and for allotting the weights to be carried by each horse in a handicap. Hard ridden Used to describe a horse whose jockey is expending full effort on the horse, and using his whip. Headquarters Newmarket, traditionally seen as the home of Flat racing, is often called Headquarters.

Home straight The length of straight track, from the final bend to the finish line. Hurdler A horse that races over hurdles, which are lighter and lower than fences.

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A price that is shorter than evens. Betting odds where the stake is higher than the potential winnings if the bet is successful. Turn of phrase used to describe a narrow winning margin, often photo-finish winner. May or may not have actually won by a nose. A bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections. Including a single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble. Just one successful selection guarantees a return. Backing a horse to finish in the places. The number of places depend on the number of runners, with two places available for a five to seven runner race, three places for eight to 15 runners, and four places for handicaps with 16 runners or more.

Extra place terms are often offered by bookmakers. A series of three or more selections in 2-fold accumulators. A round robin means 3 selections in different races, in 3 doubles, 1 treble and 6 single stakes about bets. One of the most commonly invoked betting rules, dealing with deductions from winning bets in the event of any withdrawn runner s from a race. The rule applies to winning bets struck at prices e. The rate of deductions is in proportion to the odds of the non-runner s at the time of the withdrawal.

Starting Price. The starting prices are the final odds prevailing at the time the race starts and are used to determine the payout to winning punters, unless a punter took a specified price at the time of placing the bet. Similar to the handicap betting system. If you back a team to cover the spread, so a team will lose bu no more than 5 points, or win by more than 6 points. A type of bet frequently placed at a racecourse. You can back horses to win or place, and a dividend is paid out afterwards to winning bets as the bets all go into a pool.

The tote also runs other bets such as the placepot and jackpots. A bet consisting of 4 bets involving 3 selections. The bet includes 3 doubles and a treble. A minimum of two selections must be successful to get a return.

A bet consisting of 11 bets involving 4 selections in different events. The bet includes 4 doubles, 4 trebles and an accumulator. Guide to Betting. Betting Term. A bet involving more than one selection with the winnings from each selection going on to the next selection. A bet on a race well in advance of the day of the race. A bet on a horse to win or each-way. The opposite of lay, and the more traditional bet type.

A supposedly certain bet. Best Odds Guaranteed. Betting exchange. A betting website whereby you are betting against other people, rather than against the bookmaker. Cash out. Taking a payout offered by your bookmaker before the completion of a bet.

Co favourite. A horse who leads the market with one or more horses. Term often associated with Tote pools. A horse who finds its price getting bigger prior to the race beginning. Duel forecast. A reverse forecast or dual forecast is a bet where the aim is to predict the winner and runner-up in either order. Backing two or more horses in a race, increasing your chances of finding a winner but essentially at shorter odds. Each way. A punters advantage in a bet. A price of Your stake brings equal winnings: e.

The shortest priced horse in the race, the market leader. In the frame. Another term for a horse who has finished in the places. A bet placed during the race, as opposed to before the race begins. Joint favourite. If two horses have the shortest odds in the betting, they are described as joint-favourites. Lock As in 'Banker' US term for an almost certain winner. Easy winner. Long Odds More than Long Shot Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race.

Lug In Out Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course. Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race. Maiden Race A race for non-winners. Mare Female horse five-years-old or older. Market The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds. Meeting A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting.

Mile Rate In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters. Minus Pool A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet.

The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider A rider who excels in rich races. Morning Glory Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races. Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins. Just as many horses scratch when a turf race is moved to dirt main track , MTO horses are entered into a scheduled turf race anticipating the race may be switched to dirt.

Turf races occasionally include MTO entrants. They will be added into the field if the race is taken off the turf and scratches can accommodate them. Mudder A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'. Muddy track A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water. Mutuel Pool Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'.

Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. Nap The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting. Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'. National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing.

Neck Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck. Nod Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor. Nominations The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose Smallest advantage a horse can win by. Called a short head in Britain. Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses.

Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females. Objection Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry. Odds The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit. The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins.

Odds-against Where the odds are greater than evens e. When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake. Odds Compiler Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker A person who sets the betting odds. Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds. Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers.

Odds Man US At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses. Odds-On Odds of less than even money. This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win. For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars. That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win.

Official Sign displayed when result is confirmed. Also racing official. Off the Board US A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1. Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action. On The Board Finishing among the first three. On The Nose Betting a horse to win only. Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey.

Outlay The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third. Outsider A horse that is not expected to win. An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker. Overlay A horse going off at higher odds than it appears to warrant based on its past performances. Overnight Race A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance.

Over The Top When a horse is considered to have reached its peak for that season. Overweight Surplus weight carried by a horse when the rider cannot make the assigned weight. Pacesetter The horse that is running in front on the lead. Paddock Area where horses are saddled and kept before post time. Panel A slang term for a furlong. Parimutuel s A form of wagering originated in by Frenchman Pierre Oller in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made.

Oller called his system 'Parier Mutuel' meaning 'Mutual Stake' or 'betting among ourselves'. As this wagering method was adopted in England it became known as 'Paris Mutuals', and soon after 'Parimutuels'. Parlay Also, Accumulator A multiple bet.

All the selections made must win for you to win the parlay. Part Wheel Using a key horse or horses in different, but not all possible, exotic wagering combinations. Pasteboard Track A lightning fast racing surface. Patent A multiple bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble. Penalty A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse. Permutations It is possible to Perm bets or selections e.

Phone Betting A service enabling punters to bet on horses with bookmakers by using telephones. Phone TAB Another phone betting service, provided by a totalisator which allows people with special betting accounts to place bets via the telephone. Much the same as a bank account, you must have a credit balance to be able to place a bet. The cost of the investment is debited to your account, and winning dividends and refunds are automatically credited to your account. Photo Finish A photo is automatically taken as the horses pass the winning line and when the race is too close to be judged the photo is used to determine the order of finish.

Picks Betting selections, usually by an expert. Pick Six or more A type of wager in which the winners of all the included races must be selected. Pitch The position where a bookmaker conducts his business on a racecourse. Place Finish in the top two, top three, top four and sometimes also top five in a competition or event. A Place bet will win if the selection you bet on is among those placed. Usually, a horse runs a place if it finishes in the first three in fields of eight or more horses.

If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place. Different sportsbooks have different Place terms and you should check their rules before placing a bet. In US, 2nd place finish. Pole s Markers at measured distances around the track designating the distance from the finish. The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start. Pool Mutuel pool, the total sum bet on a race or a particular bet.

Post 1 Starting point for a race. For example, "He drew post four". For example, "He's posted 10 wins in 14 starts". Post Position Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts. Post Time Designated time for a race to start. Price The odds. Protest When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race. If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with.

If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt Another term for bet or wager. Punter Bettor or investor. Pull Up To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout. Quadrella Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races. Quiniela Quinella Wager in which the first two finishers must be picked in either order.

Payoff is made no matter which of the two wins and which runs second. See Wagers for Quiniela variants. Race Caller The person who describes the race at a racecourse. Racecard A programme for the day's racing. Rail Runner Horse that prefers to run next to the inside rail. Ratings Tipsters may determine a set of ratings which reflect, in their opinion, each runner's chance of winning a particular race taking a number of factors into account when preparing them.

Restricted Races Races which only certain horses are eligible. Return The dividend you receive on a particular bet. Ringer A horse or greyhound entered in a race under another's name - usually a good runner replacing a poorer one. Roughie A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race.

Roundabout A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i. Rounder A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i. Round Robin A bet consisting of 10 bets 3 pairs of 'Single Stakes About' bets plus 3 doubles and 1 treble involving three selections in different events. US, A series of three or more teams into two-team wagers.

Router Horse that performs well at longer distances. Run Free A horse going too fast. Runner A participant in a race. In US, a sportsbook's employee who gathers information on the progress of betting elsewhere on the course. Also, a messenger 'running' to and from pari-mutuel windows for occupants of clubhouse boxes. Scale Of Weights Fixed weights to be carried by horses in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time of year. Scalper One who attempts to profit from the differences in odds from book to book by betting both sides of the same game at different prices.

Schooled A horse trained for jumping. Scope The potential in a horse. In US, to win a race or a bet. Also, a victory. Scratch To be taken out of a race before it starts. Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health. A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time. Scratch Sheet Daily publication that includes graded handicaps, tips and scratches.

Second Call A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched. Selections The horses selected by a knowledgeable person Tipster to have the most likely chance of finishing in first, second and third place. This may also refer to a person's own selections - the horses they have chosen to back.

Selling Race A race where the winner is sold by auction immediately afterwards. Settler A bookmaker's expert who calculates payouts. Shadow Roll Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow. Shorten, Shortening the Odds When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse.

Short Runner A horse who barely stays, or doesn't stay, the full distance of a race. Short Price Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay. Show Third position at the finish. Show Bet Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better. Shut Out US What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes. Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score.

Silks See 'Colors'. Simulcast A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering. Single A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet.

Single Stakes About or SSA A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections 1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed. Sire Father of a horse. Sloppy track A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom. Slow track A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base.

Between good and heavy. Smart Money Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves. Soft track Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it. Spell The resting period between preparations or racing. Sportsbook The person, shop or website who accepts bets. Spot Play US Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks.

Sprint Short race, less than one mile. Stake The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg. Stakes The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet. Stakes-Placed Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races. Stallion A male horse used for breeding. Standing Start In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.

Starter The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race. Starting Price or SP An estimation of odds available when the race starts. Starting Stalls Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison. Stayer Also, Slayer A horse that can race long distances. Steam When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.

Steeplechase A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course. Also known as a 'Chase'. Stewards The group of people who control the day's racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing. Stewards Enquiry An enquiry by the stewards into a race.

Stick Also, Bat A jockey's whip. Stickers Calks on shoes which give a horse better traction in mud or on soft tracks. Stipes Another term for the Stewards. Or Stipendiary Stewards Stooper US Those who make a living picking up discarded mutuel tickets at racetracks and cashing those that have been thrown away by mistake. Store US A sportsbook or a bookie. Straight Betting to win only. Straight Forecast UK A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order.

See 'Exacta'. Straight Six A wager to correctly select the winner of each of six consecutive nominated races. Strapper Also known as an attendant. A person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment. Stretch home-Stretch Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish. Stretch Runner Horse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race. Stretch Turn Bend of track into homestretch. Stud 1 Male horse used for breeding. Superfecta A bet placed on four horses to cross the finish line in exact chosen order.

Super Yankee Alternative name for a multiple bet known as Canadian, a Super Yankee is a Yankee type bet with five selections instead of four. Sure Thing A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race. Sweepstakes Type of betting whereby each horse in a race is drawn out of a hat by a particular person who pays a set amount of money for the privilege of buying a horse.

The people which chose the winner and placegetters will receive a percentage of the total money pool. System A method of betting, usually mathematically based, used by a punter or bettor to try to get an advantage. The body appointed to regulate off-course betting bets made by people who are not present at the race track. Take Takeout Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track, horsemen in the form of purses and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.

Taken Up A horse pulled up sharply by his rider because of being in close quarters. The Jockey Club An organization dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing. Incorporated Feb. Thick'un A big bet. Ticket The betting slip or ticket which is received by the bettor from the bookmaker or totalisator, as proof of his or her wager.

The ticket is necessary to collect the dividends. Ticketer US A forger of bookmakers' tickets. Tic-Tac The secret and complex sign language used by bookmakers at racecourses to indicate movements in the price of a horse. Tierce A French combination bet in which the bettor predicts the horses that will finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd.

Tips The selections chosen by an expert to bet on also known as Picks. See 'Selections'. Tipster A person who makes selections for a race, providing tips on which horses they believe will win the first three places. Top Weight See 'High Weight'. Totalizator Totalisator The system of betting on races an automated system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets in which the winning bettors share the total amount bet, minus a percentage for the operators of the system, taxes etc.

Synonyms: Tote, Parimutuel. Tote Totalizator. The organisation appointed to receive bets and supply dividends in proportion to the amount of the investment. A body in the UK set up to operate pool-betting on all racecourses. Tote Board The usually electronic totalizator display in the infield which reflects up-to-the-minute odds.

It may also show the amounts wagered in each mutuel pool as well as information such as jockey and equipment changes, etc. Also known as the 'Board'. Tote Returns Returns from a tote pool also known as a Dividend , calculated by taking the total stake in each pool after the take out and dividing it by the number of winning tickets. A dividend is declared to a fixed stake, for various win, place and forecast pools. Tout Person who professes to have, and sells, advance information on a race.

Also used as a verb meaning to sell or advertise. Track Condition Condition of the racetrack surface. Slow; Fast; good; muddy; sloppy; frozen; hard; firm; soft; yielding; heavy. Track Record Fastest time for a distance at a particular track. Trail Racing immediately behind another horse. A trail is also known as a sit. Trainer The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race.

A trainer must hold a license or permit to be entitled to train. Treble A bet consisting of 3 selections, all of which must win for the wager to be successful. Tricast UK See 'Trifecta' below. Trifecta A wager picking the first three finishers in exact order. Called a 'Triactor' in Canada and a 'Triple' in some parts of the U. Trifecta Box - A trifecta wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are bet upon. The sum of the formula is then multiplied by the amount wagered on each combination.

Triple Also 'Treble' See 'Trifecta' above. Triple Crown Used generically to denote a series of three important races, but is always capitalized when referring to historical races for three-year-olds. Leger Stakes.

Trixie A Trixie consists of 4 bets involving 3 selections in different events, i. Trotting A term for harness racing in general. It also describes the specific gait of a trotter. Turf Accountant The UK euphemism for a bookmaker. Turf Course Grass course. Unbackable A horse which is quoted at short odds that punters decide is too short to return any reasonable amount for the money they outlay.

Underlay A horse racing at shorter odds than seems warranted by its past performances. Under Wraps Horse under stout restraint in a race or workout. Value Getting the best odds on a wager. Wager Another term for bet. Walkover A race in which only one horse competes. Warming Up Galloping horse on way to post. Weigh In Out The certification, by the clerk of scales, of a rider's weight before after a race. Wheel Betting all possible combinations in an exotic wager using at least one horse as the key.

See 'Part Wheel'. Wheeling A racing system devised for the daily double bet in which the bettor backs one horse in the first race and every horse in the second also known as Baseball or Locking. Weight-For-Age The purpose of weight-for-age is to allow horses of different age and sex to compete on equal terms.

The weight a horse carried is allocated on a set scale according to its sex and age. Whip Instrument or a stick, usually of leather, with which rider strikes horse to increase his speed. Win The term used to describe a 1st place finish. Win Bet Wager on a horse to finish first.